From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
The Bible is the collections of the primary religious texts of Judaism and Christianity. There is no common version of the Bible, as the individual books, their contents and their order vary among denominations. Mainstream Judaism divides the Tanakh into 24 books, while a minority stream of Judaism, the Samaritans, accepts only five. The 24 texts of the Hebrew Bible are divided into 39 books in Christian Old Testaments, and complete Christian Bibles range from the 66 books of the Protestant canon to the 84 books of the Eastern Orthodox Bible. The Hebrew and Christian Bibles are also important to other Abrahamic religions, including Islam and the Baha'i Faith, but those religions do not regard them as central religious texts.
The Jewish Bible
Tanakh, is divided into three parts:
- the five books of the Torah ("teaching/law"), comprising the origins of the Israelite nation, its laws and its covenant with the God of Israel;
- the Nevi'im ("prophets"), containing the historic account of ancient Israel and Judah focusing on conflicts between the Israelites and other nations, and conflicts among Israelites – specifically, struggles between believers in "the Lord God" and believers in foreign gods, and the criticism of unethical and unjust behavior of Israelite elites and rulers; and
- the Ketuvim ("writings"): poetic and philosophical works such as the Psalms and the Book of Job.
According to the Pharisees, God revealed both a Written Torah and an Oral Torah to Moses, the Oral Torah consisting of both stories and legal traditions. In Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah is essential for understanding the Written Torah literally and exegetically. The Oral Torah has different facets, principally Halacha (laws), the Aggadah (stories), and the Kabbalah (esoteric knowledge). Major portions of the Oral Law have been committed to writing, notably the Mishnah; the Tosefta; Midrash, such as Midrash Rabbah, the Sifre, the Sifra, and the Mechilta; and both the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds as well.
The Christian Bible
is divided into two parts:
- the Old Testament, containing the (minimum) 39 books of Hebrew Scripture, and
- the New Testament, containing a set of 27 books.
The first four books of the New Testament form the Canonical gospels which recount the life of Christ and are central to the Christian faith. Christian Bibles include the books of the Hebrew Bible, but arranged in a different order: Jewish Scripture ends with the people of Israel restored to Jerusalem and the temple, whereas the Christian arrangement ends with the book of the prophet Malachi. The oldest surviving Christian Bibles are Greek manuscripts from the 4th century; the oldest complete Jewish Bible is a Greek translation, also dating to the 4th century.
During the three centuries following the establishment of Christianity in the 1st century, Church Fathers compiled Gospel accounts and letters of apostles into a Christian Bible which became known as the New Testament. The Old and New Testaments together are commonly referred to as "The Holy Bible". Many Christians consider the text of the Bible to be divinely inspired, and cite passages in the Bible itself as support for this belief. The canonical composition of the Old Testament is under dispute between Christian groups: Protestants hold only the books of the Hebrew Bible to be canonical; Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox additionally consider the deuterocanonical books, a group of Jewish books, to be canonical. The New Testament is composed of the Gospels ("good news"), the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles (letters), and the Book of Revelation.
Biblos - Online Parallel Bible - very many versions, men kun norsk 1930
Bible Explore - Godrules.net - very many versions, men kun norsk 1930
BibleGateway - Many versions
Blue Letter Bible - Bible / Dictonary Search
Nettbibelen - Det Norske Bibelselskapet - NT 2005, GT 1978/85
New International Version - Modern language, but so paraphrased that it is not suited for bible study
The Complete Jewish Bible -
Tidslinje - Abraham -> Jesus
Read the Bible - many versions
Print a chapter - many versions, men kun norsk 1930
Download a Bible version as pure text -
Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary - contains more than 2,500 Bible and Bible-related proper names and their meanings
Easton Dictionary - Dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Texts of Noncanonical Books - ancient writings that may be as old as biblical books.
Josephus' work - extracts from Josephus
Jewish Library - Ethics of the Fathers, Kabbalah etc.
Jewish Virtual Library - from American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise
The Babylonian Talmud - 1918 translation, and other jewish books
Internet Sacred Text Archive - online books about religion, mythology, folklore and the esoteric
Early Christian Writings - New Testament, Apochryphia, Gnostics, Church Fathers and other